Cat's bone and joint diseases can be divided into congenital inheritance and acquired accidental trauma and aging problems. Poor joint development or injury will affect its daily activities and even cause death.
Today we are going to know a few more common bone and joint diseases, and learn how to treat and treat cats to prevent and prevent bone and joint accidents, so that cats can grow up healthily and happily.
Among the cat's congenital bone and joint diseases,the most genetically related disease is "cat cartilage dysplasia",also known as "Scottish cat bone and joint dysplasia".As the name suggests, it is a disease that occurs in pure breed Scottish fold cats.
Because the ear cartilage is not well developed, the ear cannot be upright, and the cartilage of various joints in the body will have similar conditions.
Cartilage is like a cushion for joints during movement. Cats with genetic cartilage dysplasia are born with a "poor cushion". Compared with ordinary cats, cartilage will be damaged after impact and pressure wear.Causes degenerative arthritis. In addition to the forelimbs, even the trachea and laryngeal cartilage will be stunted. In severe cases, the bones in the whole body will be painful due to inflammation, unable to walk, and even have trouble breathing, especially when the weather changes or allergies.Inflammation of the infection caused by the trachea is not smooth, sneezing to nosebleeds, and even suffocation, shock, death.
What the owner can do is to make the cat have a more comfortable and barrier-free space to make it easier and happier. Several things can be paid special attention to:
1. You can give it a better cat bed and comfortable cushions for it to sleep.
2. The height of the cat litter box is deliberately lowered.
3. The position where the water and food are placed should be easy to get.
4. If it occasionally wants to jump, try to make some steps and let it slowly jump step by step to reach what he wants.
After all, cats are hunting animals. If they can view the environment from a height, including where they live and their owners, they will feel safe.
Cats with this disease will have the following characteristics:
1. The buttocks will shake more severely when walking.
2. Poor jumping strength may seem to make them less likely to jump.
3. Because the hips are more burdensome, they will be more prone to urinary and feces
It causes inflammation and pain, so it will make you feel that it is not excreted smoothly.
4. It will not like you to press its butt. If you like this, your friend will be particularly sensitive and angry. In fact, the hip joint problem is not very serious on cats.
The incidence of this part of the disease is high in Abyssinian cats.
The strangest symptom is that it will run to and jump to half or strenuous exercise to half and suddenly move. It will be a bit stiff when walking again, or even a bit upset.In severe cases, there will be a dislocation of the knee joint, which will become stuck after dislocation, and will not want to straighten when it is stuck.
Cats will develop "degenerative arthritis" or "degenerative osteoarthritis" after aging.
Degenerative arthritis is that the cartilage of the bones and joints is excessively worn, leaving the underlying bones exposed; cartilage itself has no nerves, so if you suffer from this disease, you will not feel pain at first, but the bones have peripheral nerves, as long as the underlying bones are exposed to stimulate the peripheral nerves.
Later, there will be inflammation and pain.If the pain appears,it has been a while since the joint has been out.It is worth noting that this disease is an irreversible reaction!
There is no way to completely repair it, especially because after a period of time,the cartilage has been worn and ruptured to produce chronic irritation and response;in addition, there is hyperplasia of the palate,accumulation of inflammatory substances,loss of joint capsule,and fibrosis.
At this time,we can only try to delay the extent of its deterioration and cannot cure it.
An additional reminder from the doctor:The more special mention here is "mucopolysaccharidosis". Mucopolysaccharid is the main component of bones, blood vessels, and skin. The full name of mucopolysaccharidosis is "mucopolysaccharidosis", which is because the genetic cells in the body lack enzymes that can decompose mucopolysaccharides, which leads to the excessive accumulation of acidic mucopolysaccharides in the cells in the body, the most commonly found is the fragile development of bones and joints; but it happens only occasionally.If you move it, the whole body is almost soft,the body is very small, and the shape of the face is deformed. It may be mucopolysaccharidosis.
When it comes to bone and joint accidents, you have to mention the cat's High-Rise Syndrome. In short, it is "the cat fell from a high place"!
This sounds terrifying, but it happens quite often, especially between the ages of 1, 2 and 4 years.
A cat is a curious animal. When it is an adult, it is active and interested in the world outside the window. It often wanders back to watch the window. If the window is not closed,it may be attracted by butterflies and flying insects and fall down!Cats are often not afraid of jumping up and down. We also think that cats have meat pads on their feet and they wo n’t be injured like springs. In medical statistics, we can see that 90% of cats jumping from a high place are can survive, then under what circumstances can cause death?Is it related to altitude?Is it because you can't withstand the impact of jumping from a high place?
In fact, just the opposite, the clinical accident cases will cause the height of the cat to fall to death, most of which are concentrated on the 4th and 5th floors.
Why would them fall to death if they didn't get too high?
This is related to the cat's response.
The cat will adjust the body's balance and landing angle in the air, and try to minimize the impact force,but if the height is too low, the cat will not have enough room to respond.
The reaction and impact force cannot be absorbed, so it is easy to be injured and die,statistically falling below 15-20 meters, the mortality rate is high;about 15-40 meters is the lowest mortality rate.
If a cat accidentally falls from a high-rise building and is injured,the first is emergency treatment,and calcaneal joint-related conditions most commonly occur in head,forelimb,jaw fracture, maxillary rupture, and nasal injury bleeding; generally in medical treatment will first stabilize its signs of life, and then deal with its bone and joint injuries.
If the fall height is not high, the pelvic fracture may be caused by the lower body landing, but this probability is low,especially when falling from a high-rise building, there are often debris, motor vehicles, etc.below,and the injured part may not be sure.
- How to find bone and joint problems?
A cat is an animal that likes to hide symptoms. It will not lamely show you like a dog. Therefore, you need to pay special attention to your pet friends. We can proceed as follows:
1. If the cat is usually lively and suddenly dislike movement and activity decreased.
2. Jumping ability became poor Do not like to jump.
3. Lazy combing hairs, which eventually lead to tangled hairs rest in the corner deliberately away from you,and there is no interaction with other cats, and you do not like to play.
- How can you adjust your diet after detecting a cat with a bone and joint disease?
The doctor recommends that you can eat maintenance medicines and health products, such as glucosamine or MSM anti-inflammatory drugs for bones and joints.MSM has a positive anti-inflammatory effect, but only if your cat is willing to eat, and you should choose good palatability when you choose, otherwise bought a good medicine,it doesn’t eat,everything is ridiculous!
If the clinical symptoms are serious, you still need to ask a veterinarian for help.During severe inflammation,the doctor will prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory painkillers,which will have good results,but if you have heart disease, you must be very careful.